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|Wysłany: Pon 15:24, 23 Wrz 2013 Temat postu: moncler sito ufficiale Depository Trust Company 10
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The Depository Trust Company (DTC) serves as a custodian of the securities and provides securities settlement services. Not all securities are eligible to be settled through DTC. All companies must satisfy specific criteria in order to be DTC eligible including SEC reporting and non-reporting issuers who go public direct, undertake underwritten as well as direct public offerings and those who pursue reverse mergers with public shells.
In order for [url=http://www.1855sacramento.com/moncler.php]moncler sito ufficiale[/url] an issuer's securities to trade electronically, the issuer must among other things, submit an application to DTC for its initial eligibility to trade. If eligibility is granted, DTC [url=http://www.ilyav.com/uggpascher.php]boots ugg pas cher[/url] will agree to hold an inventory of free-trading street name shares on deposit. The shares that are free-trading and held by DTC become the [url=http://www.ilyav.com/uggpascher.php]ugg pas cher[/url] "public float." DTC is the only depository that provides an inventory for clearing and settlement of the securities of publicly traded companies in the United States.
How DTC Eligibility Affects Trading
After the purchase of a security occurs, the second portion of the trade transaction occurs. This portion is referred to as clearing. While brokers maintain individual books recording the entire amount of buy and sell orders transacted by their clients, the act of clearing these transactions is handled by DTC. Clearing trades involves the matching of the buy and sell orders of a security. Once the transactions are executed details are sent to DTC and recorded and matched for accuracy. After all the trades are matched for buys and sells DTC notifies all member firms of their associated obligations, and arranges the transfer of appropriate funds and securities. Thus, individual brokers are not dealing with one another after every trade. Instead DTC serves as an intermediary that facilitates the transfer of stocks and cash. It is important to note that DTC guarantees delivery and if the buyer or seller of the security being cleared through DTC does not deliver the purchase price or security sold, DTC fulfills the obligations of the party that did not deliver.The DTC clearing process takes typically three days to complete. When a security is not DTC eligible clearing occurs only upon physical delivery of the stock certificate representing the security from the seller to the buyer. Clearing with DTC eligibility through physical delivery could take weeks to complete. Without DTC eligibility it is impossible for an issuer to establish liquidity in its securities.
The Eligibility Process
Issuers seeking electronic trading must locate a Participant sponsor the DTC eligibility process. [url=http://www.mansmanifesto.fr]doudoune moncler[/url] Participants can submit an eligibility request through the underwriting services of DTC either at the time a security is initially being offered and distributed to the marketplace or at a later time for already issued and outstanding securities. It is the responsibility of the participant requesting eligibility for the securities to establish that the securities satisfy the criteria set forth by DTC. Once DTC has reviewed the information submitted, it will likely request an opinion from the issuer's securities attorney to substantiate the legal basis for eligibility. DTC requires any legal opinion to be provided by a qualified securities lawyer who is licensed to practice law in the relevant jurisdiction and is in good standing in any bar of which the practitioner has been admitted. DTC requires that the securities lawyer not be a shareholder of the security for which the legal opinion is being provided. DTC reserves the right to approve the securities lawyer upon whose opinion DTC is [url=http://www.1855sacramento.com/peuterey.php]peuterey outlet[/url] being asked to rely.
Eligibility requirements include that the securities must be: i. issued in a transaction registered with the U.S. Securities and Exchange Commission ("SEC") pursuant to the Securities [url=http://www.1855sacramento.com/woolrich.php]woolrich outlet[/url] Act of 1933, as amended (the "Securities Act"); or ii. issued in a transaction exempt from registration pursuant to a '33 Act exemption, that at the time of the request for DTC eligibility no longer involves transfer or ownership restrictions; or iii. eligible for resale pursuant to Rule 144A or Regulation S under the '33 Act (and must otherwise meet DTC's eligibility criteria).
General Document Requirements for Issuers
Whether at the point of initial offering or when the terms of an already eligible security are amended in a corporate action, underwriting may require the issuer to execute and deliver related documentation to DTC including but not limited to the [url=http://www.achbanker.com/home.php]hollister[/url] following:
Letters of Representations and Riders Requirements for Book-entry-only Securities Book-entry-only ("BEO") securities are securities for which i) physical certificates are not available to investors and ii) DTC, through its nominee, Cede & Co., will hold the entire balance of the offering, either at DTC or through a FAST agent in DTC's FAST program.
Additional Requirements for Certain Securities
Additional ridersare required for eligibility of many securities. Some common examples where additional riders are required include Rule 144A and Regulation S securities, securities denominated or that have payments [url=http://www.gotprintsigns.com/monclerpascher/]moncler pas cher[/url] in non-U.S. currencies and securities of a U.K. issuer.
DTC evaluates issues for eligibility and may require the participant seeking to make a security DTC-eligible provide an opinion from the issuer's securities lawyer regarding the security. Such opinions are typically requested to confirm either: i. that the SEC registration requirements for that security have been met, or ii that the security was exempt from SEC registration by the Securities Act under an acceptable exemption and that the security is not subject to transfer restrictions and is freely transferable. Opinions from the issuer's SEC attorney may also be requested in [url=http://www.maximoupgrade.com/hot.php]hollister france[/url] other circumstances, such as when an issuer changes its name or its form of organization in respect to a corporate action and in exchange offers.
Securities Not Registered Pursuant to the Securities Act
Opinions from the issuer's securities lawyer is often required to make unregistered securities eligible may be required in connection with the following transactions (among others): i. securities issued pursuant to an acceptable exemption from SEC registration under the Securities Act; and ii. the exchange of securities subject to transfer restrictions represented by certificates bearing a restrictive legend for [url=http://www.mquin.com/giuseppezanotti.php]giuseppe zanotti sneakers[/url] certificates not subject to transfer restrictions with no restrictive legend.
Rule 144A and Regulation S Securities
To lift restrictions applicable to securities which DTC has initially accepted as eligible pursuant to Rule 144A and/or Regulation S on the grounds that the original restricted and/or distribution compliance period imposed under such exemptions has elapsed, the issuer of the securities must provide an instruction letter to DTC. The instruction letter confirms to DTC that the restricted period and/or distribution compliance period has elapsed and supports the exchange of the formerly restricted securities represented by a restricted CUSIP number for new unrestricted securities of the same issue represented by an unrestricted CUSIP number.
DTC retains the right to deny any issuer the ability to use their depository for any reason at their discretion without notice or explanation to the issuer. For this reason, before an issuer applies for eligibility, it must provide information to DTC concerning the original issue date of its free trading shares, the holders and transferees as well as the specific consideration provided for any free trading shares.
Issues that will quicken the DTC process are: [url=http://www.1855sacramento.com/moncler.php]moncler outlet[/url] i. being an SEC reporting issuer and not missing or being late with any reports; ii. having none or very few name changes or reverse splits; iii. not having people associated with the issuer including stock promoters, lawyers or accountants that have [url=http://www.rtnagel.com/airjordan.php]nike air jordan pas cher[/url] been under investigation by the SEC; iv. not becoming public as the result of a reverse merger with a public shell company; v. having no record of being involved in a spam campaign, pump and dump scheme, or other fraudulent activities that would raise Anti Money Laundering or Office of Foreign Assets Control issues; and vi. having no record of unregistered securities sales especially by affiliates.
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